The Florida Judicial Qualifications Commission was established by the Florida Constitution in 1966. In 1990 the Commission was divided into an Investigative Panel and a Hearing Panel.
The Investigative Panel functions much like a grand jury and investigates allegations of judicial misconduct. If probable cause is found and formal charges are filed, then the Hearing Panel serves as a special master making findings of fact and recommendations to the Florida Supreme Court as to the appropriate discipline.
The Commission is comprised of six judges, five laypersons selected by the Governor, and four Florida Bar members. The Chair of the Commission selects nine members to serve on the Investigative Panel and six members to serve on the Hearing Panel.